Venerable John Henry Newman, C.O., preached a sermon, of which the following notes survive:
State of Innocence
1. INTROD.—State of our first parents. Image and likeness .
2. Image in nature. All things are in a way in the image of God, as being His creatures. Man in a special way.
Soul (1) a spirit; (2) immortality; (3) knowledge illimitable ; (4) free will; (5) Godlikeness, as Satan said .
Body—beautifulness, perfection of form, etc., etc. but still defects.
Soul—passions against reason; body—mortality.
Thirdly, war of soul with body, as having different ends. Strange the body cannot be without the soul, nor the soul well without the body; yet they cannot agree together.
3. Almighty God knows what He has created, and therefore He did not leave man thus, but gave him a supernatural gift.
4. Likeness—(explain)—sanctity. In fact [also] health and strength, viz. three subjections: (1) Soul to God, (2) passions to reason, and (3) body to soul .
5. Hence a knowledge of mysteries. An absence of passions, only good affections.
6. Yet we need not lament paradise—on account of the future glory promised to us.
7. 'Lest he take of the tree of life.'